If there’s a ‘sure thing’ you can expect at WWDC, it’s that Apple will preview new versions of its operating systems. Sure enough, the company spent a considerable portion of yesterday’s keynote telling us about OS X Yosemite, the next major revision to its desktop OS.
And major it is, starting with the iOS 7-inspired visual makeover. But though many expected that facelift to be the day’s biggest OS X news, Yosemite’s preview was most impressive for the slew of major new features Apple revealed. Here are eight new features – among those we know about so far – that we wish we didn’t have to wait for.
Not surprisingly, given how many of us own both Macs and iOS devices, our favourite new ‘feature’ is actually a handful of features that aim to make it easier to work with, and switch between, all those devices. Apple labelled this group of features Continuity, and the idea behind them is to make switching from your Mac to your iPhone or iPad, or vice versa – to use the best device for a particular task – as seamless as possible.
Shared AirDrop. AirDrop, Apple’s easy-to-use feature for getting files from one device to another, debuted for Macs back in 2011 and for iOS last year. Yet the OS X and iOS versions weren’t – and still aren’t – compatible. One of our big wishes for iOS 8 was for Apple to fix this, and with Continuity it has: AirDrop will work between Macs and iOS devices, so you can easily send a file from your Mac to your nearby iPhone, or from your iPad to your Mac.
Handoff. If you start working on a file or email message, or viewing a website, on your iPad or iPhone, there’s currently no easy way to switch over to your Mac and complete the task there. But with a Mac running Yosemite and an iOS 8 device nearby, each will watch the other to see what you’re doing, and offer to let you shift that activity to the other device.
So, for example, if you’re composing an email message in iOS Mail, your Mac’s Dock shows a special Mail icon; click it, and the message appears in Mail on your Mac. If you’re viewing a webpage in Safari on your Mac, a Safari icon appears on your iPad’s lock screen; swipe it, and that webpage opens in iOS. (We’re looking forward to seeing if this works for third-party apps, too.)
Mac/iPhone phone integration. The combination of Yosemite and iOS also makes it easier to use your phone and Mac together. For example, whenever your iPhone is nearby and a call comes in, your Mac can display caller-ID information, and you can even accept the call on your Mac, using it as a speakerphone. You can also initiate calls on your iPhone from your Mac: just click a number in the Contacts app, or even on a webpage or in an email message, text message or calendar event.
Instant Hotspot. Speaking of phone integration, you’ve long been able to use your iPhone as a mobile-data hotspot when you need to get your Mac online but you’re out of range of a Wi-Fi network. Under Yosemite and iOS 8, the new Instant Hotspot feature displays your iPhone in OS X’s systemwide Wi-Fi menu (assuming, of course, that your iPhone is on and nearby). Choose it, and your iPhone automatically sets up a secure Wi-Fi hotspot and your Mac connects to it – no messy, multi-step configuration necessary. Apple says that the menu will even display your phone’s signal strength and battery life, and your Mac will disconnect from the phone when not accessing the network.
SMS relaying. Finally, we’ve all experienced the frustration and confusion of browsing a Messages conversation on our Mac, iPad or iPod touch and realising that messages sent using SMS – rather than Apple’s iMessage service – are missing. Under Yosemite and iOS 8, your phone relays SMS messages to all your other devices, so the entire conversation shows up on every one. You’ll even be able to send SMS messages from your Mac – great for exchanging messages with people who don’t use an iPhone. (And if, like us, you often had problems with even iMessage messages showing up on all devices, that’s supposed to work better, too.)
One of our biggest beefs with iCloud has long been that it’s essentially a black box trap: data can be saved, synced and accessed only from within those apps that have been specifically coded to use iCloud, and accessed only by the specific app that originally saved the file. Which means, for example, that if you save a PDF to iCloud from within Preview on OS X, you can’t open it in another Mac app, and you can’t access it from your iPad or iPhone. (Yes, there are ways to access locally stored iCloud documents using the Finder, but it’s not something most people want to, or should, be doing.)
We asked for more-open, more-Dropbox-like storage, and we got it. Apple’s new iCloud Drive feature combines the existing per-app storage simplicity with a feature that works similarly to Dropbox. Click iCloud in the sidebar of a Finder window, and you can view all your iCloud-stored documents. Documents that have been saved in, and associated with, particular apps (Pages, for example) are grouped in app-specific folders; other documents, including those you’ve manually dragged into the iCloud folder, appear loosely (or in any folders you create). Any data in the iCloud folder is synced with iCloud and available from all your Macs, and on all your iOS devices. And iOS apps will be able to view your iCloud Drive, making it easy to open those documents in your iOS app(s) of choice. Apple’s even making iCloud Drive available on Windows.
Notification Center’s Today view and widgets
Though it’s not perfect, we really like the Today view in iOS 7’s Notification Center, which shows you at a glance what you’ve got coming up. OS X Yosemite’s Notification Center gains and expands on this view. In addition to showing you a preview of your day, Yosemite’s version lets you enable widgets showing weather and stock info, your reminders, a world clock and info from social networks. Apple is even allowing developers to provide – through the Mac App Store – third-party widgets that you can add to the Today view. (So long, Dashboard?)
Believe it or not, Spotlight has been around for almost a decade (since Mac OS X 10.4), but for the most part, it’s been limited to searching your drive for data; looking up dictionary definitions; and sending web searches to your browser – and in our experience, many people don’t even know it can do the latter two. Yosemite brings Spotlight its first major overhaul. In addition to looking different (it now pops up in the middle of the screen, rather than sticking to the upper-right corner, and it inherits Yosemite’s new flat look), it also gains quite a few skills.
For example, though Spotlight still searches local content, its results will also include apps from the App Store, media from the iTunes and Books Stores, and news from popular websites. It can offer suggestions from Bing, Wikipedia and Maps – the latter letting you type sushi to find local restaurants, for example. It can give you movie showtimes, let you perform instant unit conversions and even offer auto-completed suggestions for search terms.
Sometimes email attachments are just photos. But oftentimes they’re PDFs you need to sign (or otherwise annotate), or images you’d like to mark up. Yosemite’s appropriately named Markup feature lets you do just that right from within a reply window in Mail. Instead of having to save the file to your drive, open it in a different app, save it and then attach it to your outgoing email message, Markup lets you annotate on the fly and then send the results with a click.
According to Apple’s website and keynote demo, you’ll be able to add signatures; draw lines, shapes and arrows; add callout text and cartoon bubbles; and even zoom in on part of an image. If you have a Magic Trackpad (or MacBook trackpad), you’ll be able to draw using your fingertip.
One of the biggest challenges to sharing photos and other files via email is that the larger the file(s), the more likely the message will be blocked by a server, somewhere along the way, that places limits on message/attachment size. Because of this, an increasing number of apps and services let you upload a big file to a remote server and then, instead of sending the actual file via email, you send a link to the file; the recipient clicks the link to download the file. (Some Mail plug-ins even automate the process for you.)
This approach works, but it still requires the sender to be tech savvy enough to configure such a workflow. With Yosemite’s Mail Drop feature, Apple hopes to make the process seamless. You just add your attachment like you normally would, compose your message and then send. OS X uploads – automatically and invisibly – larger files to iCloud. If your recipient is using Mail in Yosemite, OS X will download – again, automatically and invisibly – the file and present it in the message just like any other attachment; if the recipient is using another email client, another platform or an earlier version of OS X, the message will contain a link for downloading the file. Apple says Mail Drop will work with files (or even folders of files) up to 5GB in size, and that files are encrypted in transit for security.
Over the past couple years, Macworld editors have had so many problems with Messages for OS X – and the underlying iMessage service – that many of us have shifted to using AIM on third-party clients. But based on the improvements Apple talked about during the keynote, some of us just may switch back.
For starters, group messaging has finally received some attention. While in a group-messaging discussion, you’ll be able to easily add and remove participants, to change the thread name (‘Vacation Planning’) for easier identification on all your devices, and to leave a thread. And each member in the conversation can share his or her location, à la Find My Friends, which should be great for families and friends travelling together – or, say, editors at a tech publication covering a big conference.
For those times when your friend(s) get a bit too chatty, you’ll be able to toggle Do Not Disturb for a specific thread, instead of having to enable it for your entire device. Yosemite will also make it easy to view all media in a thread, sans messages.
And a new feature called Soundbites should be a hit, as it lets you quickly record and send audio clips as part of Messages conversations – perfect for those times when it would be easier to just speak a message. (Even better, when you’re on your iPhone, you’ll be able to listen to received audio, and record and send your own audio clips, from the lock screen by simply moving your iPhone: lift it to your ear to record, lower the phone to send.)
The public beta
Although the OS X Beta Seed Program debuted back in April, Yosemite marks the first time a major new version of OS X has been available to the general public before it’s actually released. As Apple puts it, anyone can “join the OS X Beta Program and help make the next release of OS X our best yet”. Specifically, the public beta of OS X Yosemite is available to the first million people who sign up.
For Apple, the Beta Seed Program will be a legitimate testing program that should produce far more data – bug reports, hardware configurations and the like – than the company could ever generate from developers and employees alone. But it’s also a boon for third-party developers. These developers will be able to test their own software, widely and publicly, on Yosemite before the OS is officially released, which should mean that many more Yosemite-optimised apps will be ready on Day One. (And, let’s be honest, that’s as good for Apple as it is for users.)
Of course, as Mac geeks, we’re excited by the opportunity to get our hands on Yosemite several months early. But it’s not something we recommend to everyone. Beta software is, by definition, not final-release quality, so there are bound to be bugs, some of them serious. If you’re even considering signing up for the Beta Seed Program, you should have multiple good backups, and you should ideally do your testing on a Mac that isn’t your main computer.
But if you have the resources to do these things, you’re somewhat tech savvy, you’re willing to put in the time to report bugs that you come across and – perhaps most important – you understand what beta means (and won’t blame Apple or third-party developers for any problems you may have, or data you may lose), then, by all means, sign up.
Bonus: the new (old) Dock
This isn’t a big one, but it’s a welcome one. One of the little things a number of Macworld editors miss from Mountain Lion and earlier versions of OS X was the two-dimensional, translucent Dock. Apple did away with this elegant, easy-to-view Dock way back in Mac OS X 10.5, but with a quick Terminal tweak (or the use of a third-party tweaking utility), you could still opt for it up until OS X 10.8. But in OS X 10.9 Mavericks, Apple removed even that hidden option – you were stuck with the (in my opinion) ugly, cluttered, 3D appearance. With Yosemite’s new interface, the flat, translucent dock is back. And I love it.
by Dan Frakes